The American Heritage(r) Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition defines trauma as a Serious injury to the body, as from physical violence or an accident.
Severe emotional or mental distress caused by an experience. An experience that causes severe anxiety or emotional distress, such as rape or combat.
The American Mental Wellness Association focuses on trying to keep people healthy, using an educational approach to attempt to easily infuse people against some of the worst possible outcomes of mental illness. We review many fields of study: psychiatry, neurology, neuroscience, psychology, physiology, social science, education, etc.
When physiologists (a person specializing in the biological study of the functions and process of living organisms and their parts) talk about trauma, they are talking about BOTH tissue injury AND the broader physiological response of the body to that injury.
- Stress hormones: Cortisol and adrenalin in modest amounts for short periods these are very useful helping the body respond to immediate crisis. High levels and longer periods of time these start to cause damage to a wide range of organs including the brain.
- Psychologically, traumatic events have the same effect on the body as a tissue injury trauma.
- Trauma is not the cause of a mental health problem.
- Trauma is a risk factor for someone with a predisposition or a current mental health problem.
- Behavior is a symptom of a mental health condition.
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